Nilachala Kamakhya

Sacred Landscape: The Places of Worship on the Nilachala Hills

Saubhagya Kunda and Sri Sri Kamakhya Temple

Saubhagya Kunda and Sri Sri Kamakhya Temple (Photo courtesy Kulasundari Devi, © 2012)

Located on the holy Nilachala Hills, the Kamakhya Temples’ Complex of Assam is one of the world’s most important sites of goddess worship, and is literally and figuratively the birthplace of modern Shaktism.

Apart from Kamakhya Temple there are several peethas, temples, sacred sites and kundas (pond) scattered all over the Nilachal Hills and according to an estimate by the Archaeological Survey of India there probably existed more than a hundred sometime in the past. The peethas, temples, kundas (ponds) and other sacred sites which constitute the Kamakhya Temples’ Complex that still exist today on the Nilachala Hills are:

Sri Sri Kamakhya Temple (or Peetha of Sri Sri Kamakhya). Adjacent to the Peetha of Sri Sri Kamakhya the Peethas of other two peethas of the Dasamahavidyas, Sri Sri Matangi (Saraswati) and Sri Sri Kamala (Lakshmi) are also located. Sri Sri Kamakhya is the form of Sri Sri Tripurasundari or Sri Sri Sodasi, the third Mahavidya of the Dasamahavidyas.

Dasamahavidya (Ten Mahavidyas or Great Wisdom Goddesses)

  • Sri Sri Kali Temple or the Peethas of the Navam Kalika, i.e. nine Kalis
  • Sri Sri Tara Temple or the Peetha of Asta Tara, i.e. eight Taras
  • Sri Sri Kamakhya Temple (as Sri Sri Sodasi, mentioned above)
  • Sri Sri Bhuvaneswari Temple or the Peetha of Sri Sri Bhuvaneswari (also known as Sri Sri Annapurna)
  • Sri Sri Bhiravi Temple or the Peetha of Sri Sri Bhairavi or Sri Sri Tripura Bhairavi
  • Sri Sri Chinnamasta Temple of the Peetha of Sri Sri Chinnamasta (also known as Guptakamakhya)
  • Sri Sri Dhumavati Temple or the Peetha of Sri Sri Dhumavati
  • Sri Sri Bagalamukhi Temple or the Peetha of Sri Sri Bagalamukhi (also known as Srikamakhya)
  • Sri Sri Matangi or the Peetha of Sri Sri Matangi and also known as Sri Sri Saraswati (adjacent to the Peetha of Sri Sri Kamakhya as already mentioned above)
  • Sri Sri Kamala or Peetha of Sri Sri Kamala and also known as Sri Sri Lakshmi (adjacent to the Peetha of Sri Sri Kamakhya as already mentioned above)

Temples/Peethas of Other Devis

  • Sri Sri Banadurga Temple or the Peetha of Sri Sri Banadurga and also known as Vanavasini
  • Sri Sri Joyadurga Temple or the Peetha of Sri Sri Joyadurga and also known as Vindhyavasini
  • Sri Sri Lalitakanta Temple or the Peetha of Sri Sri Lalitakanta

Temples of Pancha (Five) Shivas 

  • Sri Sri Amratokeshwara Shiva Temple
  • Sri Sri Kameshwara Shiva Temple
  • Sri Sri Siddheshwara Shiva Temple
  • Sri Sri Kedareshwara Shiva Temple
  • Sri Sri Kautilinga Shiva Temple

Temples/Peethas of Other Deities

  • Sri Sri Brihad Ganesha or Sri Sri Mahakala Ganesha Temple
  •  Temples of Four (04) Sri Sri Dwarapala Ganesha
  • Sri Sri Kamvaleshwara Temple
  • Sri Sri Pandunatha Temple
  • Sri Sri Herukeswhara Peetha
  • Sri Sri Ghantakarna Temple
  • Sri Sri Sankheshwari Temple
  • Sri Sri Tal Betala
  • Sri Sri Hanuman Temple
  • Idols of Sri Sri Trivikrama
  • Sri Sri Betal Bhairava Peetha

Kundas (Sacred Ponds)

  • Saubhagya Kunda
  • Amrita Kunda
  • Wrinmochana Kunda
  • Varaha Kunda
  • Durga Kunda
  • Gaya Kunda
  • Brahma Kunda

Other Sacred Places

  • Snana Ghata of Devi (the bathing place of the Devis on the banks of the River Brahmaputa along the northern side of the Nilachala Hills)
  • Brahmayoni Kshetra (a sacred area called Brahmayoni)
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